I.D Nursing

What Is I.D Nursing:

Intellectual Disability nursing is seen as a specialty field of nursing that provides care to people with an intellectual disability. ID nurses work as part of a team in order to enable and empower people with intellectual disabilities to achieve their full potential. An intellectual disability nurse provides practical support and nursing care for people with an intellectual disability of all ages and abilities. The ID nurse may work with people with an intellectual disability in a diversity of roles, from intensive physical nursing of individuals with a profound disability, to facilitate guidance in assisting people to live lives of the highest quality in the community.

There are 4 levels of Intellectual Disabilities;

Mild Intellectual Disabilities:

  • IQ 50 to 70
  • Slower than typical in all developmental areas
  • No unusual physical characteristics
  • Able to learn practical life skills
  • Attains reading and math skills up to grade levels 3 to 6
  • Able to blend in socially
  • Functions in daily life

About 85 percent of people with intellectual disabilities fall into the mild category and many even achieve academic success. A person who can read, but has difficulty comprehending what he or she reads represents one example of someone with mild intellectual disability.

Moderate Intellectual Disabilities:

  • IQ 35 to 49
  • Noticeable developmental delays (i.e. speech, motor skills)
  • May have physical signs of impairment (i.e. thick tongue)
  • Can communicate in basic, simple ways
  • Able to learn basic health and safety skills
  • Can complete self-care activities
  • Can travel alone to nearby, familiar places

People with moderate intellectual disability have fair communication skills, but cannot typically communicate on complex levels. They may have difficulty in social situations and problems with social cues and judgment. These people can care for themselves, but might need more instruction and support than the typical person. Many can live in independent situations, but some still need the support of a group home. About 10 percent of those with intellectual disabilities fall into the moderate category.

Severe Intellectual Disabilities:

  • IQ 20 to 34
  • Considerable delays in development
  • Understands speech, but little ability to communicate
  • Able to learn daily routines
  • May learn very simple self-care
  • Needs direct supervision in social situations

Only about 3 or 4 percent of those diagnosed with intellectual disability fall into the severe category. These people can only communicate on the most basic levels. They cannot perform all self-care activities independently and need daily supervision and support. Most people in this category cannot successfully live an independent life and will need to live in a group home setting.

Profound Intellectual Disabilities:

  • IQ less than 20
  • Significant developmental delays in all areas
  • Obvious physical and congenital abnormalities
  • Requires close supervision
  • Requires attendant to help in self-care activities
  • May respond to physical and social activities
  • Not capable of independent living

People with profound intellectual disability require round-the-clock support and care. They depend on others for all aspects of day-to-day life and have extremely limited communication ability. Frequently, people in this category have other physical limitations as well. About 1 to 2 percent of people with intellectual disabilities fall into this category.

Points Needed:

Points vary in different colleges. These courses last roughly 4 years;

UL: 415 (2015)

TCD: 390 (2015, limited places)

WIT: Ranged from 370 – 495 (2015)

UCC: 425 (2016)

Subjects Needed:

Entry requirements 2016:

2 subjects: H5
4 subjects: O6/H7
English or Irish: O6/H7
Mathematics: O6/H7
1 Science Subject : O6/H7

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